Artificial intelligence reveals the richness of Swiss graphic design.
The new experimental installation by EPFL+ECAL Lab, the EPFL Design Research Centre, allows everyone to enter the heart of a medium that permeates our daily lives: the poster. For its premiere, to be celebrated on 10 February 2022 at the Museum für Gestaltung Zürich, Poster World brings together more than 2,000 posters that celebrate Swissness through Helvetic symbols, products, places, events, themes and graphic art. The Museum’s collection is one of the largest in the world. It constitutes a major reflection of our society on essential subjects such as the role of individuals, political language or consumption. Two years of research have made it possible to put artificial intelligence at the service of the cultural approach to reveal the graphic complexity of the posters, where texts and images intertwine. Poster World is on view at the Museum für Gestaltung Zürich until 6 June as part of the Planet Digital exhibition!
Poster World is a research project carried out by a team of designers, engineers and psychologists from the EPFL+ECAL Lab, in collaboration with several EPFL scientific laboratories. With the posters, it explores how emerging technologies and interaction design can enhance general interest in digitised cultural heritage. The resulting installation reveals to the public, novice and experienced, the main elements of Swiss graphic design, a world-renowned art.
The poster is a fascinating graphic object because of its role in society and the complexity of its composition. Ubiquitous in our daily lives, it must catch our attention and deliver its message in a matter of seconds. It also combines many visual components where text and image mingle closely. A poster’s dominant colours, main composition lines, objects, typography, text positions and contrasts, are just some of the elements that influence its visual impact. With the use of different algorithms, and in particular artificial intelligence, Poster World reveals these dimensions to the public, allowing visitors to understand the poster’s graphical richness. The installation analyses the posters, extracts data and generates a new representation of the poster that visualises a particular feature.
Going even further, the experimental approach led by the EPFL+ECAL Lab has made it possible to produce trios of posters based on visual similarities. Poster World thus brings together similar posters on the basis of a chosen criterion. To confer cultural relevance on these connections, the EPFL teams trained artificial intelligence on associations produced by the museum, especially its books, rather than using the standard data and tools. They then tested the results with both designers and the general public.
The project also had the mission of emphasising the relationship between each poster and the collection. The collection view rearranges according to the selected settings. The system designed by the EPFL+ECAL Lab makes it possible to quickly process other selections made by the curatorial team. With its ability to manage associations among several billion possibilities, Poster World does not replace the curation work, but amplifies and complements it, in order to enhance the museum’s collection in an unprecedented way.
This approach has been the subject of studies on user perception following research protocols from psychology. The results show how digital technology can lead to gains in attractiveness and knowledge among the public. And that it is possible, with a single installation, to bring a significant impact to both novice and professional audiences.
Poster World is on view at the Museum für Gestaltung Zürich
as part of the “Planet Digital” exhibition
from 11 February to 6 June 2022.
Opening on 10 February, on invitation only.
Museum für Gestaltung Zürich
Ausstellungsstrasse 60, 8005 Zürich
Research Assistant, MAS in Design Research for Digital Innovation
Art Direction & Project Management
André Andrade in cooperation with Lara Défayes
Creative Coding & Software Engineering
Delphine Ribes, Yves Kalberer, Céline Dupuis, Lazar Stojkovic
Dr Cédric Duchêne
Dr Andreas Sonderegger, Andrea Schneider
with assistance of Sofia Viola and Renée Favre
Daniela & Tonatiuh / EPFL+ECAL Lab
IN COOPERATION WITH
Mathieu Salzmann, Senior Researcher, CVLab
Frédéric Kaplan, Professor, DHLab
Valentine Bernasconi, Master thesis, Digital Humanities
Bastien Favre, Bachelor semester project, Computer Science
Syed Talal Wasim, Master thesis, Computer Vision